WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN HIV AND AIDS
HIV is basically the virus that causes AIDS. AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV and AIDS are not the same thing. People with HIV do not have AIDS. HIV is the virus that is passed from person to person, over time HIV destroys the important cell in the immune system that helps you by protecting you from infections.
AIDS can be said to have contacted when there is very less CD4 cells left in your body. AIDS is the most serious stage of HIV and it leads to death overtime. Without treatment it takes one about 10 years for someone with HIV to contact AIDS. Treatment slows down the causes and can help people stay healthy for decades.
WHAT CAUSES HIV?
HIV infection is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus. HIV can be contacted by a number of reasons like:
- Contact with infected blood can lead to HIV
- Contact with Vaginal fluids, Semen can also lead to contracting HIV
- Most common cases of HIV arise from having an unprotected sex with someone who is an HIV positive
- Sharing drug needles with someone who is infected can also cause HIV.
- HIV can generally spread by having vaginal or anal sex.
- Sharing needles or syringes for shooting drugs, piercing, tattoos etc.
- HIV can also be passed to babies during pregnancy i.e. at the time of birth or breastfeeding.
HIV does not spread by casual contact like kissing or sharing drinking glasses with an infected person as it does not survive well outside the body.
Awareness is very essential in the case of HIV and it can only be created when the patient of the infected person is himself having proper knowledge of his condition. Sidri International Skin Hair and Sexology clinic is well known for counseling of HIV patients not only in the Delhi region but also in other areas like Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, Noida, Gurgaon etc. patients feel comfortable in sharing their problems with expert sexologist, Dr. Manu Rajput and Dr. Kanu Rajput, who are known to have made patients feel better and to fight odds of the society.
SYMPTOMS OF HIV
There are basically three stages of HIV wherein different kinds of symptoms can be felt by the person who is infected from the disease.
After one to four weeks of getting HIV some people will experience symptoms that feel like the flu. These may not last for a week of two. Generally experiencing these symptoms alone is not a very reliable source of diagnosing HIV.
One should always visit their doctor if they have a doubt that they have contracted HIV even if they do not have any such visible symptoms and get tested.
Symptoms at this stage include:
- Body rash
- Sore throat
- Swollen glands
- Upset stomach
- Pain in the joints
- Muscle pain
These symptoms are generally the result of the body’s defense mechanisms reaction to the HIV virus. The body generally provides the HIV antibodies to fight against the virus.
STAGE 2: THE ASYMPTOMATIC STAGE
Once the person crosses the acute primary infection stage, they can start feeling better. Other symptoms may not even show up for almost 10 to 15 years. This does not mean that the virus stops replicating itself or building new cells. HIV still passes during this stage, if there is no medication done, HIV can severe damage.
STAGE 3: SYMPTOMATIC HIV INFECTION
As the person comes into the third stage of HIV, his/her immune system gets severely damaged, they become more prone towards getting serious infections from bacterial or fungal diseases which they would have been otherwise able to fight off. These are opportunistic infections.
At this stage the symptoms can be:
- Weight loss
- Chronic diarrhea
- Night sweats
- Persistent cough
- Mouth and skin related issues
- Regular infections
- Serious illness or disease.
PREVENTIONS IN CASE OF HIV
HIV is known to spread by the people who do not know that they have it. It is very important for an infected person to protect himself or herself and also to protect others. Following measures can be used:
- Practicing safer sex by using a condom every time one has sex, until they become sure that both the partners are free fron HIV.
- Avoid having multiple partners for sex.
- Talk to your partner and know if they have a risk of having HIV
- Don’t consume alcohol or drugs before having sex as it may lower your guard.
- Never share personal items like toothbrushes or razors
- Strictly avoid the use of needles or syringes with anyone.
All these preventive measures are important to avoid the spreading of the HIV virus but it is also important for the infected person to take due care of their health and to keep up with their medications too.
HIV AIDS COUNSELING
Counseling in HIV and AIDS has become a centric element in which psychological issues are recognized as an integral part of patient management. HIV Counseling has two general aims:
- Prevention of transmission
- To support the people who are directly or indirectly affected by HIV.
It is very necessary that HIV counseling should have this two-fold approach as transmission of HIV can only be stopped if there is a change in the behavior of the patients. One to one prevention counseling has a particular contribution that it enables frank discussion of the patient’s life- such discussions may be hampered in other settings by other patient’s concern for confidentiality or anxiety about a judgmental response. Also when the patients know that they are HIV positive the may suffer great psychological stress and fear of rejection, social stigma, disease progression and uncertainties associated with the future management of HIV.
In this type of situation there is an immense need that the patient should be dealt with utmost care and his trust should be kept as a primary concern. When the cases of HIV are concerned the counseling helps a lot for boosting morale of the patients and also helps in lifting the patient’s spirit and behavior.
There are basically two types of discussions:
- Pre-test Discussion
- Post-test Discussion
This includes discussions relating to the Window period of HIV and all the other matters relating to the disease and its effects and how the medications can help in mitigating the loss or damage.
POST TEST COUNSELING:
They shall be done specifically in person, wherein the person shall be taught and should be guided as to how to deal with the disease psychologically as many patients who were infected have felt that they need counseling from time to time as they face a lot of social taboos and myths. Patients are given time to adjust to their diagnosis at this point of time. The patients are taught and guided step by step after the diagnosis to make them feel comfortable and to help them in dealing with the disease psychologically.
HOW COUNSELING HELPS:
Counseling helps in the following ways-
- It helps the patients to carry on a normal lifestyle
- Counseling boosts the morale of the patients which in turn helps them to feel better
- With the help of counseling the patients have better access to information regarding their present medication
- Counseling helps the patients in building awareness
- Counseling is necessary as the patients can take due care in avoiding the transmission of the disease.
Counseling can literally change the mindset of the person infected with HIV. HIV counseling from Sidri International Skin Hair and Sexology Clinic can help the patient in generating hope and motivation towards the future as expert Sexologists, Dr. Manu Rajput and Dr. Kanu Rajput develop interpersonal relations with their patients which makes their patients feel better with their diseases.
At Sidri International Skin Hair and Sexology Clinic patients are taken care of with due diligence along with the motive of uplifting the patients spirits towards their diseases and by providing them guidance to lead a healthy life ahead.
SO BOOK YOUR COUNSELLING SESSION NOW TO HELP YOUR NEAR AND DEAR ONES FIGHT HIV AND TO SPREAD AWARENESS!